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                高考英語七選五備考策略_高考英語解題攻略

                來源:英語七選五 作者:解題攻略
                  熟悉各種體裁的不同范式和根據設空位置確定解題策略,學會融會貫通,遇到不同語篇便迎刃而解了。下面為大家準備了高考英語七選五備考策略,希望可以幫助到大家。

                高考英語七選五備考策略,高考英語解題攻略

                  一、熟悉各種體裁文章的結構圖

                  高考中主要的文章體裁:說明文、議論文和包括夾敘夾議的記敘文的結構圖。

                  以全國I卷七選五為例。

                  首先,瀏覽全文可以看出這是一篇說明文。首句是全文主題句,引領全文,主要介紹了在房間裝飾設計中顏色的重要性。

                  接著快速略讀每段第一句,中間幾段詳細說明了小、中、大三種規格的裝飾顏色的不同作用。

                  第一段Color is fundamental in home design—something you’ll always have in every room ...

                  第二段But good news is that there’re really only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home: the small ones, the medium ones, and the large ones ...

                  第三段 38 . They’re the little spots of color like throw pillows, mirrors and baskets that most of us use to add visual interest to our rooms ...

                  第三段Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofas, dinner tables or bookshelves ...

                  第四段The large color decisions in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors.

                  根據腦子里的結構圖,答案一目了然。所以38題選D. Small color choices are the ones were most familiar with。

                  二、根據設空位置確定解題策略

                  高考設空位置以段中句為主,段首和段尾一般各一句。首句常是段落的主題句;尾句通常是總結句;而段中是起承上啟下的過渡句。根據試題所在的位置采取不同的解題策略。

                  1. 設空在段首

                  通常是段落主題句。認真閱讀后文內容,根據上文提到的體裁結構圖法或段落一致性原則,查找同義詞或其他相關的詞,推斷出主題句。如:

                  38 “I can tell you about one young couple,”says Bridges. “They’re learning to traditional dances. They arrive at the class in low spirits and they leave with a smile. 39 ”

                  A. So why do we dance?

                  F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely.

                  第38空在段首,應為主旨句。“一對年輕的夫妻的故事。他們來學習跳舞之初,情緒低落,但是在他們離開的時候卻面帶微笑。”這說明跳舞可以調節人的情緒,這正是其魅力所在。故選A項。

                  第39題在段尾,應是結論句。根據該段內容,應選F項。

                  2. 設空在段尾

                  通常是結論或概括性語句。注意在選項中查找表示結果、結論或總結等的信號詞,如so, therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, to conclude, in a word等,選項中也可發現前文的同義詞。如:

                  The large color decisions in your rooms concern the walls, ceilings, and floors. Whether you’re looking at wallpaper or paint, the time, effort and relative expense put into it are significant. 40 .

                  E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces

                  F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time

                  這里是考查全文最后一段的最后一句,顯然這是總結句,so是一個明顯的信號詞。所以選F項。

                  3. 設空在段中

                  段中句要求考生找出與前后句銜接的選項。解題時,將選項代入原文,如果前后內容連貫,符合邏輯,就能得出正確答案。主要解題技巧有邏輯銜接和詞匯銜接。

                 ?。?)邏輯銜接。指前后的邏輯關系,如因果關系、轉折或對比關系等。如:

                  Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point. 37 , they can get a little complex.

                  A. While all of them are useful

                  C. If you’re experimenting with a color

                  空格前后是轉折關系,“雖然它們(這些技巧)都有用處,但是它們有點復雜。”其中they指代前句的different techniques。故選A項。

                 ?。?)詞匯銜接。

                 ?、僭~匯復現。這是保證語篇前后銜接的一種寫作手段,即在上下文不同位置對同一個概念進行重復描述。復現關系主要指原詞復現、同義詞、近義詞復現、反義詞復現和派生詞復現等。如:

                 ?。ㄈ珖鳬I卷)...Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.

                  Your productivity is improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day...

                  Your metabolism gets a head start.

                  39 Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept better than those who exercised in the evening.

                  B. Your quality of sleep improves.

                  C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.

                  根據體裁結構圖法,這是總—分—總的說明文,各分段都以“your”開頭,按原詞復現法便知選B項。

                 ?、诖~的指代。為避免重復,用代詞替代前文已出現的事物??吹娇崭袂昂蠛瓦x項中有代詞應當重視,看看是指上文的哪個詞或什么內容。分析上下句,理清指代關系,并且要注意代詞的數、格與前面的指代事物相呼應。如:

                  39 . They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones, and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space.

                  E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces.

                  G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways.

                  根據后文中的代詞they,前文出現的事物應選復數,下一句提到“中等物品顏色的選擇和小物品作比較的兩個方面:一是花費,二是對空間感覺的影響”。they與選項G中的two major ways相呼應。所以選G項。

                  平時閱讀過程中,考生要培養良好的體裁語篇意識,采用體裁結構分析模式進行閱讀,能敏捷地識別語篇的篇章結構,從而提高閱讀水平和閱讀能力。這種能力還能運用到閱讀理解、完形填空、語法填空、短文改錯和寫作等各題型中。掌握以上方法技巧,考生需要進行強化訓練才能熟能生巧,在高考中做到有的放矢。

                  高考英語備考策略:善用這三點,巧選過渡句

                  全國卷中的“七選五”是在一篇短文中抽出五句話,抽走的句子可能在段首、段中或段尾。段首一般是主題句或總起句,段末(文末)一般是總結性的句子。這些我們一般容易得分。因而本文主要討論的是,當抽出的句子出現于段中時,我們應如何解決。

                  一、善用“逗號”

                  我們來看如下兩道真題:

                  全國I卷

                  Training for a marathon requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs.    36    , buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find.

                  During the first week, do not think about distance, but run five minutes longer each day.    38    , it is wise to take a day off to rest.

                  A. After six days

                  B. For a good marathon runner

                  C. Before you begin your training

                  D. With each day, increase the distance by a half mile

                  E. If they still feel good, you can begin running in them

                  F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training

                  G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

                  全國I卷

                  Color is fundamental in home design-something you’ll always have in every room. A grasp of how to manage color in your spaces is one of the first steps to creating rooms you’ll love to live in. Do you want a room that’s full of life?Professional?Or are you just looking for a place to relax after a long day?   36   , color is the key to make a room feel the way you want it to feel.

                  Over the years, there have been a number of different techniques to help designers approach this important point.    37   , they can get a little complex. But good news is that there’re really only three kinds of decisions you need to make about color in your home: the small ones, the medium ones, and the large ones.

                  A. While all of them are useful

                  B. Whatever you’re looking for

                  C. If you’re experimenting with a color

                  D. Small color choices are the ones were most familiar with

                  E. It’s not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces

                  F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time

                  G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways

                  不難發現,這四個空有著相同的特點,那就是劃線后有個逗號,后面跟的是一個句子。如果遇到這樣的設空,選項的范圍馬上就縮小了。因為這說明選項要么是“非句子”,如果是句子,則需要有連詞。因此,高考題的36空,只剩下A, B, C可以選擇,而后再利用段首的requires careful preparation,我們可以鎖定C Before you begin your training,因為準備事項是發生在跑步之前的。而37空,同理,也只有A, B, C可以選項,再利用上下文的During the first week,take a day off,鎖定A,因為一周只有7天,1天休息,那就是6天之后。

                  高考題的36空,同理,我們剩下A, B, C可以選擇。再利用前兩句的“Do you want a room ...”,“Or are you just looking for a place ...”鎖定B. Whatever you’re looking for,內容與上文承接。至于37題,可以利用代詞they,我們嘗試將A代入原文,從句意來看“盡管所有(的辦法)都有用,但是可能有點復雜”,意思上說得通,且下文還有“But good news is that ...”更確定A為正確答案?!卜椒ㄓ杏?,但有些復雜??墒呛孟⑹牵词箯碗s)你所要做的決定只有三種〕

                  認為這樣的題目屬于容易得分的題目,逗號雖不起眼,卻也有它微妙之處??忌鷤冇龅竭@樣的題目一定要爭取拿分。

                  二、善用“句式”

                  全國I卷

                  A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book.    39    For example,“bridge” might stand for “meet ”and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “Bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.”   40    However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

                  A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

                  B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

                  C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

                  D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

                  E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

                  F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

                  G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

                  第40也是一個過渡句,且根據however我們知道抽出的句子是與后面的句子成轉折關系。但若再觀察,我們會發現選項中A所用的句式跟however后的句子是一樣的,it is hard to do ... . However, it is also hard to do ...,最后串句成段:“沒有密碼本,很難解密。但也很難長久地保‘密”,意思上正確,確定A。

                  全國Ⅱ卷

                  If you are already making the time to exercise,it is good indeed!With such busy lives, it can be hard to try and find the time to work out.    36   Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically fit.

                  A. You will stick to your diet.

                  B. Your quality of sleep improves.

                  C. You prefer healthy food to fast food.

                  D. There is no reason you should exercise the morning.

                  E. You can keep your head clear for 4-10 hours after exercise.

                  F. After you exercise, you continue to burn calories throughout the day.

                  G. If you are planning to do exercise regularly or you’re doing it now, then listen up!

                  通過閱讀上文,可知是與鍛煉有關的話題。且這一段是全文第一段,屬于總起段,選項A提到diet, 選項B提到quality of sleep, 選項C提到food等,其實都屬于提到比較細節的內容,很少會放在第一段。再仔細閱讀,不難發現選項G的句式與段首的句式相似,If you are(already)doing ...,代入原文:如果你已經能騰出時間鍛煉,很好!畢竟生活繁忙,我們很難擠出時間鍛煉。如果計劃長期鍛煉或者你已經這樣做了,聽好了!在早上鍛煉的話,你所得到的好處遠遠不止身體健康這么簡單。上下文通順,鎖定答案G。

                  全國Ⅱ卷

                  Another way of setting realistic goals is to analyze your short and long term objectives, keeping in mind your beliefs, values and strengths. Remember that goals are flexible.

                  39    They also need to be measurable. You must keep these points in mind while setting your goals.

                  A. This can affect your work.

                  B. So how should you motivate yourself?

                  C. However, this should not discourage you.

                  D. So why should we try to set specific goals?

                  E. They can change according to circumstances.

                  F. Motivation is what you need most to do a good job.

                  G. Without motivation you can neither set a goal nor reach it.

                  “goals are flexible”,劃空后是“They also need to be measurable”,不難利用代詞they和句式確定E為正確答案。

                  這一類題給考生留下足夠的線索,考生如果發現有些選項的句式跟短文的上下文相似,可以把它作為備選。但考試說明指出:閱讀“主要考查考生對文章的整體內容和結構及上下文邏輯意義的理解和掌握。”,所以“逗號”“句式”它們是幫助我們迅速解題的依據,但我們也不能這樣輕率地確定答案,依然得將選項句子代入原文去判斷,看是否上下文通順、有意義。

                  三、善于“概括”

                  全國I卷

                  A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book.     39    For example,“bridge” might stand for “meet ”and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “Bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.”   40    However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

                  A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.

                  B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.

                  C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.

                  D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.

                  E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.

                  F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.

                  G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.

                  第39空,利用上文“you must have a code book”,我們將A, F這兩個含有”code book”的選項作為備選,利用下文For example,“bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.”,確定F為正確答案:有了密碼本,你可以寫下一些詞,這些詞本身另有含義。比如,“bridge”可能代表“meet”,“out”代表”Me”。

                  因為For example的出現,表明下文即將對上文作出解釋,邏輯上是有關系的。而筆者認為,既然下文是對上文的具體化描述,那劃空句可以理解為概括句(只是概括的內容相對較少),所以概括句未必一定就是在段首,段中也有可能。再看下面這個例子。

                  全國I卷

                  The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer.

                  37    We slept  in  a  tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked a long distance to take the shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit with Mother Nature cost me two days off from work, recovering from a bad case of sunburn and the doctors bill for my sons food poisoning.

                  A. This time there was no tent.

                  B. Things are going to be improved.

                  C. The trip they took me on was a rough one.

                  D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then,however.

                  E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.

                  F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping.

                  G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.

                  第37空,劃線后描述的是作者露營的情況:睡帳篷,用篝火煮食,要洗澡得步行較長距離等……這些具體的情況都說明這次露營條件一般,我們確定C. The trip they took me on was a rough one. 為正確答案。

                  全國I卷

                  Medium color choices are generally furniture pieces such as sofa, dinner tables or bookshelves.    39   . They require a bigger commitment than smaller ones, and they have a more powerful effect on the feeling of a space.

                  A. While all of them are useful

                  B. Whatever you’re looking for

                  C. If you’re experimenting with a color

                  D. Small color choices are the ones were most familiar with

                  E. Its not really a good idea to use too many small color pieces

                  F. So it pays to be sure, because you want to get it right the first time

                  G. Color choices in this range are a step up from the small ones in two major ways

                  利用上文講過的“逗號”法,這里沒有逗號,可以排除ABC三個選項。又因為這段是講Medium color choices,可以排除D,E。剩下F,G兩個選項,通過閱讀下文發現They require a bigger commitment..., and they have a more powerful effect ... 發現是講到兩個方面的事情(且是比較級),此時可以確定G為正確答案:這個范疇的顏色比起色塊小的顏色,在兩個方面有所升級。選項G屬于概括性的句子,而后面的內容則是具體化描述,使得上下文合理、通順。

                  最后,本文主要是提出三種解七選五過渡句的方法,盡管這些方法依然需要借助“關鍵詞”或是“邏輯關系——因果,轉折”等方法,但筆者認為,多結合一種方法,則多一份保障。除了學生常用的“關鍵詞”法外,希望考生能關注到“句式”,進而關注到“篇章”,多維思考,解決問題。但考生們仍得記住,技巧只是輔助,仍得牢記閱讀“主要考查考生對文章的整體內容和結構及上下文邏輯意義的理解和掌握”,找出備選項后,一定得將其代入文中,看看它的加入能否讓上下文意思連貫、通順。
                Top 在图书馆里被c的流水

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